Five Pillars

The Core of Reading Instruction

Five Pillars

Phonemic Awareness

Hear, identify, manipulate, and substitute phonemes 

Phonics Instruction

relationship between sounds and letters to build words

Fluency Instruction

Read accurately, smoothly, and expressively 


Vocabulary Instruction

Words that are recognized, understood, and used 

Comprehension Instruction

Comprehend or make meaning of the word around us